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2012年10月24日星期三

What are the symptoms of horseshoe kidney?



A horseshoe kidney is a relatively common developmental anomaly.Horseshoe kidney is not a common type of kidney diseases.The association of horseshoe kidney with left inferior vena cava is rare
In approximately 13 per cent of the cases it causes recurrent problems, such as urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
Approximately 33 per cent have hydronephrosis, which is a dilation of one or both kidneys resulting from obstruction to the flow of urine.
What are the symptoms of horseshoe kidney?
While each child may experience symptoms differently, the most common symptoms of horseshoe kidney include:
urinary tract infection - usually uncommon in children under 5 years and unlikely in boys at any age.
kidney stones - if the stones remain in the kidney, your child may have no symptoms. If the stones pass through her urinary tract, she could experience the following symptoms:
flank (around the side, just above the waist) pain
restlessness
sweating
nausea and/or vomiting
blood in urine
changes in urinary frequency
chills
fever
cloudy urine
hydronephrosis - occurs when there is a urinary tract obstruction and the kidney(s) become enlarged and potentially damaged. Symptoms of hydronephrosis may include the following:
abdominal mass
poor weight gain
decreased urination
urinary tract infection
About one-third of children with horseshoe kidney have no symptoms.

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