Wish the patients with kidney disease a happy Christmas day ahead of time

2012年8月7日星期二

How to prevent diabetes


Diabetes is a metabolic disease caused due to lack of insulin secretion or insulin resistance, characterized by chronic hyperglycemia and associated with carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism disorders, severe ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma. life-threatening. Chronic high blood sugar can lead to damage to various tissues and organs especially the eyes, kidneys, nerves and blood vessels, causing dysfunction or failure. It is estimated that now the world 160 million patients with diabetes, nearly 40 million Chinese, according to estimates. L-type and type 2 are obvious genetic predisposition. HIV infection and certain chemical poisons l diabetes, environmental factors. These viruses include Coxsackie B4 virus, rubella virus, mumps virus. Eating too much, especially high-fat, high protein and sweets, high-calorie foods, obesity, long-term sit-in work and activities to reduce, and so are the incentives of type 2 diabetes. According to statistics, type 1 accounted for 10%, type 2 accounted for about 90. In short, diabetes is a polygenic multifactorial disease, is the result of the role of genetic and environmental factors.
Prevention of diabetes:
Prevention: an entire population of non-selective prevention is to change the environmental factors and lifestyle, will minimize the various factors that lead to diabetes. Incidence of diabetes and calorie intake too much overnutrition, obesity, lack of exercise and other factors are closely related in their daily lives should be noted that reducing caloric intake, to develop the "three lows and one high" (low salt, low sugar, low fat, high fiber), eating habits, eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, rice and do not eat too fine to eat more whole grains daily, in addition to moderate physical exercise.
Secondary prevention: type 2 diabetes in high-risk groups (including family history of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity and gestational diabetes over the age of 40, etc.) to regularly check blood sugar, the early detection of the negative type 2 diabetes (ie, hyperglycemia only patients with no obvious symptoms) and impaired glucose tolerance, to ensure early detection and early treatment. Impaired glucose tolerance, also known as "pre-diabetes" refers to blood glucose higher than normal, but have not yet reached the diagnostic criteria of diabetes, some patients may be converted to normal through diet or medication, if left unchecked may develop diabetes .
Tertiary prevention: diabetes if long-term lack of good control, but also cause complications of the heart, brain, kidneys, nerves, eyes and other vital organs, and even lead to disability or death. Tertiary prevention that has been diagnosed with diabetes through diet therapy, exercise therapy, medication, psychological therapy, diabetes education and other means, and strive to prevent or delay diabetes complications (mainly) the occurrence and development of chronic complications, in order to minimize the pain of diabetic patients, to improve the quality of life of patients.

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