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2016年2月5日星期五

Classification of Renal Cysts

Renal cysts are the general terms for all kinds of renal cystic diseases and each
of them have different clinical manifestations in clinic. Broadly speaking, the renal cysts can be subdivided into simple kidney cysts, acquired kidney cysts and polycystic kidney disease. Then I will give a brief introduction of different renal cysts for you to use as a reference.
1. Simple kidney cysts
Simple kidney cyst is the most common kidney diseases and it mainly occurs to adults especially those that are at their 50s. Usually there are one or several cysts in one or two kidneys. In most cases, the cysts are located in the renal cortical areas and they can alter the shape of the kidneys.
2. Polycystic Kidney Disease How to Shrink the Cyst With Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)
Polycystic Kidney Disease is a congenital hereditary kidney disease and the clinic manifestations are multiple cysts in the renal cortical and medulla areas. As their gradual enlargement, they will oppress the kidney tissues and cause kidney damages and dysfunctions. When the kidneys are so damaged that the metabolic wastes can’t be discharged out of the body, the accumulation of the toxins in the body will lead to chronic uremia and threaten people’s life. According to different genetic code, the PKD can be subdivided into autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). Treatment for Diabetic with Polycystic Kidney Disease
3. Acquired kidney cysts
Acquired kidney cysts are acquired by other kidney diseases other than renal cysts. Usually there are more than one cysts in both the kidneys and more than 40% of the renal parenchyma are replaced by the multiple cysts and more than 4 cysts can be found in the B-ultrasound or CT scans.
4. Cysts caused by the dysplasia of the kidneys How to shrink Kidney Cyst(Renal Cyst)
This is one of the most common causes of abdominal lumps in the infants and usually only one kidney is affected and the pathological chance is related to the systematic segmental narrowing of the renal collecting systems. In cases of bilateral kidney cysts, it is life-threatening. Most of the cases can be diagnosed by prenatal ultrasonography.
5. Medullary sponge kidneys. How Can Renal Cortical Cyst Be Cured with Medicine
Medullary sponge kidney is one of the most common renal cysts in the medullary areas. The incidence of the disease is 1/5000 and most patients have the first attack at 40s or 50s. This kind of kidney cysts is characterized by the cystic expansion of the medullary collecting ducts. As its name indicates, the kidneys look like sponge from the outside.
The above are the common renal cysts and their classification. Most renal cysts are benign and have little possibility of cancerization. Even though, timely and effective treatments should be received as soon as possible because the kidney cysts will progress into renal failure and uremia is left untreated or treated improperly.

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