Symptoms of Renal Insufficiency Caused By Polycystic Kidney Disease
As is well known, for patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, their life can not be affected until cyst enlarges to a certain size which usually refers to 3 centimeter. That is to say if patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease leave their cysts uncontrolled, some symptoms of renal insufficiency will appear.
Symptom one: abnormal renal structure. Patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease have more than one cyst with different sizes and the number of cyst increases with the progress of this disease.
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Symptom two: proteinuria. About fifteen to thirty patients with normal renal function have proteinuria. However, among patients with renal insufficiency, the incidence of proteinuria reaches up to eighty percent. For patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, the occurrence of proteinuria usually arises from damages of renal tubules and renal capsule. Most of the time, it has no relationship with glomeruli, so the quantity of protein within twenty four hours is no more than one gram, which can be showed as two plus. Moreover, the proteinuria usually is persistent.
Symptom three: tumid kidneys. With increase of cysts in both number and size, kidneys also enlarge and due to the unbalanced development of two kidneys, some patients may have kidneys with different sizes. Moreover, with the enlargement of kidneys, renal function decreases day by day.
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Symptom four: lumps in abdomen. When kidney enlarges to a certain level, about fifty percent to eighty percent of patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease can feel lumps on both sides; and fifteen percent to thirty percent of patients can feel lumps in one side. lumps move while patients breathe. Furthermore, when cysts are associated with infection, pressing pain will appear.
Symptom five: anemia. Before end stage renal failure comes, there usually is no anemia; however, for these who have persistent hematuria, anemia may occur to them. Compared with anemia resulted from other kidney diseases, anemia caused by Polycystic Kidney Disease appears later and it is much mild.
Symptom six: lower back pain. Among patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, about sixty percent of them have lower back pain. As one of the early symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease, lower back pain usually prompts that patients should receive treatment as soon as possible.
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For patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, occurrence of the above several symptoms always indicates that their disease has caused renal damage, and if they do not receive treatment within the shortest time, they will face dialysis and kidney transplant. Therefore, for patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, they should have a close eye on their disease, so as not to miss the optimal time for treatment.